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Songs of the Day Archive – Part 7

Song of the Day: Pete Townshend – Pure and Easy (January 8, 2021)

There’s a tradition that stretches back into the vaguest depths of antiquity, part myth, part quasi-scientific theory, which postulates a secret musical chord, a divine harmony that expresses in some way the very essence of creation. I’ve spent a little time looking into the origins of this curious yet somehow compelling belief, and it’s hard to pin down, but it seems to go at least as far back as Pythagoras, who is supposed to have stated “there is geometry in the humming of the strings, there is music in the spacing of the spheres”. You still hear the expression “music of the spheres” sometimes. It’s an echo of the ancient cosmological model that envisioned the seven visible celestial bodies, all of which obviously revolved around the Earth, as being suspended in space on concentric, crystalline, transparent spheres, made of an ethereal fifth element – literally, the “quintessence”. This concept of seven nested spheres is also the origin of the phrase “seventh heaven”, a reference to the highest, and presumably most exalted, layer of the cosmos.

Within this conception of the universe, the music of the spheres might be thought of as the essential vibrating frequency of space itself (a notion that eerily presaged the discovery of the omnipresent radio noise identified by modern astronomers as the “cosmic background radiation”, thought to be the faint residue of the Big Bang). If I follow correctly, Pythagoras associated the seven note musical scale with the orbits of the seven celestial bodies, and thought that the relative spacing of the spheres and the spacing of the notes on the scale shared some fundamental relationship; he also saw math and music as intertwined, since in Pythagorean philosophy “all is number”, and Pythagoras understood that the pitch of a note emitted by a vibrating string is inversely proportional to its length, a relationship that can be expressed numerically. If math and music were more or less the same thing, and the ratios between notes and the relative distances of the spheres were likewise two sides of the same coin, it followed that the cosmos was best understood as a giant harmonic instrument, and further that the spacing of the planets, like the ratios of the musical scale, were aspects of a unifying grand design, embodying a musical and mathematical key that could unlock the mysteries of creation. Pythagoras may even have believed that each of the spheres literally emitted its own distinct frequency of audible hum, which combined with the others to form one perfect note.

Admittedly, this all gets pretty dense and mystical, but it seems that the Lost Chord is a variant of the Music of the Spheres, the perfect harmonious combination of notes that expresses in musical terms the mathematical perfection of the relative proportions of the spheres overhead, and thereby reveals a vital clue to the origin and purpose of all things.

I’ve read that one can find iterations of this mythology spread across cultures as disparate as the Celts and the ancient Hebrews. It seems to have been crystallized in the modern consciousness by a Victorian era composition that was almost universally adored in its time, The Lost Chord, written by Sir Arthur Sullivan, who drew on an 1858 poem by Adelaide Proctor, a popular figure of Victorian literature all but forgotten today. The inspiration to adapt Proctor’s poem to music came to Sullivan, most poignantly, at his brother’s death bed. The words:

Seated one day at the organ,
I was weary and ill at ease,
And my fingers wandered idly
Over the noisy keys.

I know not what I was playing,
Or what I was dreaming then;
But I struck one chord of music,
Like the sound of a great Amen.

It flooded the crimson twilight,
Like the close of an angel’s psalm,
And it lay on my fevered spirit
With a touch of infinite calm.

It quieted pain and sorrow,
Like love overcoming strife;
It seemed the harmonious echo
From our discordant life.

It linked all perplexèd meanings
Into one perfect peace,
And trembled away into silence
As if it were loth to cease.

I have sought, but I seek it vainly,
That one lost chord divine,
Which came from the soul of the organ,
And entered into mine.

It may be that death’s bright angel
Will speak in that chord again,
It may be that only in Heav’n
I shall hear that grand Amen.

More recently, the idea surfaced again in the ponderous Art Rock of the Moody Blues, whose album In Search of the Lost Chord littered many a drug-soaked college dorm room back in the late Sixties, and was alluded to again, with perhaps somewhat greater artistry, by Leonard Cohen in 1984, with his beautiful Hallelujah:

Now I’ve heard there was a secret chord
That David played, and it pleased the Lord
But you don’t really care for music, do ya?
It goes like this, the fourth, the fifth
The minor fall, the major lift
The baffled king composing “Hallelujah”

It would seem that Pete Townshend was drawing consciously on the same tradition when he composed Pure and Easy, but not so; it’s supposed to have been something that came over him spontaneously, apparently out of the ether (with an assist, perhaps, from the Eastern mysticism in which he was then immersing himself), while the Who were on tour following the release of Tommy. This is from the relevant Wikipedia entry:

“I’ve seen moments in Who gigs where the vibrations were becoming so pure that I thought the whole world was just going to stop, the whole thing was just becoming so unified.” He believed that the vibrations could become so pure that the audience would “dance themselves into oblivion”. Their souls would leave their bodies and they would be in a type of heaven; a permanent state of ecstasy. The only reason this didn’t happen at Who gigs was because there was a knowledge in the listener’s mind that the show would end and everyone would wake up and go to work the next morning.

This was the germ of an idea for an incredibly ambitious follow-on to Tommy, which Townshend dubbed Lifehouse. As the idea developed, Pete, apparently at this point growing more visionary by the hour, imagined a future dystopia that in many ways anticipated by decades the internet and immersive virtual reality, with the masses laying about in a sort of decadent torpor, from which only a rediscovery of the emotional power of music could rescue them:

“The essence of the story-line was a kind a futuristic scene…It’s a fantasy set at a time when rock ’n’ roll didn’t exist. The world was completely collapsing and the only experience that anybody ever had was through test tubes. In a way they lived as if they were in television programmes. Everything was programmed. The enemies were people who gave us entertainment intravenously, and the heroes were savages who’d kept rock ‘n’ roll as a primitive force and had gone to live with it in the woods. The story was about these two sides coming together and having a brief battle.”

Under those circumstances, a very old guru figure emerges and says ‘I remember rock music. It was absolutely amazing—it really did something to people.’ He spoke of a kind of nirvana people reached through listening to this type of music. The old man decides that he’s going to try to set it up so that the effect can be experienced eternally. Everybody would be snapped out of their programmed environment through this rock and roll-induced liberated selflessness. The Lifehouse was where the music was played, and where the young people would collect to discover rock music as a powerful catalyst — a religion as it were.

Trippy stuff, right? But look where it ends up:

There once was a note, pure and easy
playing so free like a breath rippling by

The note is eternal, I hear it, it sees me
forever we blend, as forever we die

In Townshend’s ultimate version of the story, whether he thought of it that way or not, the Lifehouse would be a refuge where the people gathered around their saviour to rediscover the Lost Chord. Nothing less than that.

By all accounts Pete drove himself all the way ’round the bend trying to realize an ever-expanding vision that ultimately included setting up shop at London’s Young Vic theatre to film an extended sort of communal rave up, at which something conceptually identical to the Lost Chord – for real – might actually be attained on film. “Then I began to feel, well, why just simulate it?” he said later. “Why not try and make it happen?”. In what sounds like a descent into utter madness, Townshend developed all sorts of oddball schemes to create what amounted to an enormous work of performance art combined with a genuine mass transcendental experience, and wound up not in Nirvana, but in the throes of a nervous breakdown. It might have ended there, but scattered amidst the wreckage were the greatest songs of his career, among them Baba O’Reilly, Won’t Get Fooled Again, Behind Blue Eyes, and Song is Over, all of which emerged finally on the prosaically named Who’s Next, surely one of the greatest albums of the past sixty years. Missing in action, strangely, was the centerpiece, Pure and Easy, except in the form of a few strains which appear as a mournful coda as Song is Over closes out the album.

While a recording by the Who emerged eventually, the one to hear, attached above, appeared in 1972 on Pete’s solo album Who Came First. There’s a certain philosophical grandeur to the song, as there is to the seductive idea that there might actually be a hidden design discernible in the physical workings of the cosmos, waiting to be revealed in a perfect sonic frequency that’s always been there, eternal, maybe not merely metaphorical but perfectly real and audible, if only we’d make an effort to listen; but we don’t, preferring to focus the energies of our civilization on perfecting new ways to kill and die, perhaps, Pete suggests, for no better reason than we’re otherwise incurious, lack empathy, and feel chronically bored, most of all by each other’s lives. As the song concludes on the repeated refrain of once was a note – listen, we’re left not just with a sense of the ecstasy of finally hearing it, but of the awful sadness of knowing that nobody else does, or perhaps ever has.

Song of the Day: The Rolling Stones – Ruby Tuesday (January 12, 2021)

A poignant reminder of a time when even the rowdy, disreputable bad boys who terrified your mother could release something so steeped in beautiful sadness and regret that it still tugs at your heart strings over 50 years later, Ruby Tuesday is a classically influenced ballad arranged for cello, piano, and a mournful turn on the recorder by poor, doomed Brian Jones, who lends a particularly delicate touch to a song that sounds about as much like Street Fighting Man – or Roll Over Beethoven, for that matter – as a Nightingale sounds like a Great Dane. Credited, like most of their original compositions, to Jagger/Richards, Ruby Tuesday was in fact written mainly by Keith Richards with input from Jones, and Mick, to his credit, has always insisted he had nothing to do with it, though he’s always loved singing it. It’s often described as being about one of the band’s groupies, but Richards has said it was about then-girlfriend Linda Keith, while often describing it in terms that don’t even hint at its true tone and substance:

It was probably written about Linda Keith not being there (laughs). I don’t know, she had pissed off somewhere…That’s one of those things – some chick you’ve broken up with. And all you’ve got left is the piano and the guitar and a pair of panties.

That’s our Keef (shades of Nigel Tufnell discussing his heartbreaking, Bach-inspired magnum opus, Lick My Love Pump).

Ruby Tuesday shot to the top of the charts Stateside when radio stations, scandalized by the overt sexuality of Let’s Spend the Night Together, flipped the 45 and played the B-Side instead (cue Grandpa Simpson: back in our day, rich men flew by in their Zeppelins, and music came on two-sided plastic discs that had bumps on them, which you played on the Victrola, either through the giant ear trumpet or the rubber pneumatic listening tubes…). It would be nice to think that the AM radio program directors realized which was the better song, but really, it was the dread fear of dirty filthy sex, as promoted by those lascivious leering louts from London, setting a bad example as always – imagine, just putting it out there for everybody to hear like that! Had they no care for the women and children? Good God, man – spend the night together!?! You know what they mean, right? It’s not an invite to a pyjama party, let’s just put it that way! Yikes! And horrors! When they sang it on Ed Sullivan, Mick had to change it to let’s spend some time together, thus, no doubt, sparing untold millions of innocent Middle Americans from cardiac arrest.

So maybe Ruby Tuesday got its initial bump in airplay more or less by default. I like to think it was bound to have been a hit anyway.

If all you knew of the Rolling Stones was what you’d seen and heard from them this century (or indeed from about 1985 on), you’d probably find it a bit of a stretch, linking those guys to something so wistful, melodic, and heartfelt. Really?

That’s the yobbo who wrote lyrics like this?

There’s no time to lose, I heard her say
Catch your dreams before they slip away
Dying all the time
Lose your dreams and you will lose your mind
Ain’t life unkind?

For real? Well, yes and no. It was that guy, sort of, but back when he was this guy:

Hey, as Walt Kelly once said, describing his early renderings of Pogo Possum, he looked different back in those days, but then so did I, and probably you did too. Hell yes, he looked different. He was different. The whole scene was different.

For a while there, it wasn’t just about money, and fame, and chicks – it was, to be sure, about those things too, as ever, but there was also an unexpected injection of artistic ambition into the competition to reach the toppermost of the poppermost. It was all the fault of those kids from Liverpool; suddenly everybody wanted to write their own songs, and they all wanted to come up with their own Yesterday or Eleanor Rigby. Sometimes, admittedly, the results were fairly risible, but a few came pretty damned close, before the endless hard miles of fame, drugs, and massive amounts of lucre wore almost everything away, leaving little behind but a travelling circus of boundless avarice and frankly pitiable self-parody.

Who could have seen it all coming? Who would have predicted that just a couple of years later, Brian Jones would be booted from the band and wind up face down in his swimming pool? Who could have foreseen, in the run up to the Summer of Love, that the Sixties would come to a sordid end as the Hells Angels beat a kid to death right in front of the stage at Altamont?

Somehow, it’s the pretty little coda, when Brian brings it home, that always gets me the most. In the brief preceding interval you can, if you listen closely, hear somebody, maybe Mick, counting time in a faint whisper, one, two, three, four, and it feels so immediate it’s as if I’m there with them in the moment, and all those years between today and the end of 1966, with all their shocks and disappointments, seem never to have passed at all.

Linda Keith, 1966

Song of the Day: The Velvet Underground and Nico – Femme Fatale (January 16, 2021)

Funny thing about the beguiling Nico, the beautiful vocalist who performed a number of classics on the Velvet Underground’s epochal 1967 album, The Velvet Underground and Nico: almost everybody refers to her as a chanteuse, I suppose because she was European with a thickish accent, albeit German, not French, and “singer” just doesn’t seem exotic enough for a vocalist who puts the listener in mind of decadent pre-war Berlin nightclubs, or Marlene Dietrich singing Lili Marlene. Her given name was Christa Päffgen, but she was dubbed “Nico” when she was just a teenager, working as a fashion model, and from about 1955 on she was never Christa again. While still very young, she lived a bit of a charmed, jet-setting life, gorgeous, multi-talented, multi-lingual, showing up in all the major fashion magazines of the day, Vogue, Elle, and so on, then acting a small part in Fellini’s La Dolce Vita, after which followed larger roles in European cinema, while she bounced between Paris and New York until somehow bumping into Andy Warhol, and via him, Lou Reed and the Velvets. Warhol seems to have conceived of her as a sort of prop, a final touch that added an alluring, mysterious element to the Underground’s stage presence within his conceptual performance art extravaganza, The Exploding Plastic Inevitable, a mind-blowingly avant-garde multi-media show that amounted to a virtual acid trip of overlapping music, film, and dance interludes, which went on tour in 1966.

Despite her many gifts, she was no musician, and perhaps wasn’t even much of a vocalist, from a purist, technical perspective, and her involvement with the less than overly enthused band into which Warhol inserted her wasn’t without its tensions – Lou Reed is said to have found her irritating, especially when her long stints of dressing room preparation delayed the shows – but then, there was something about her, wasn’t there? Her performances on that first album, one of the greatest ever made, remain indelible, and it’s frankly impossible to imagine anybody else as lead vocal on All Tomorrow’s Parties, I’ll Be Your Mirror, or today’s selection, Femme Fatale, which comes off like a profile of a professional heartbreaker by an almost admiring rival in the trade. Trust me, she seems to be saying to some poor besotted male slob, not without sympathy, but nonetheless with brutal honesty, I know whereof I speak.

The story goes that Warhol asked Lou Reed to write a song about model/actress Edie Sedgwick, one of Andy’s muses and frequent star of his experimental films, described in a Vanity Fair profile as “beautiful, rich, and the avatar of Warhol’s dreams”. Oh, don’t you think she’s a femme fatale, Lou?, Warhol is supposed to have said.

The Velvet Underground and Nico was released in March, 1967, and promptly vanished without a trace, almost unnoticed by the music press, and completely overlooked by a public which purchased perhaps fewer than 5,000 copies before year’s end. Femme Fatale was selected as the B side to Sunday Morning on a single which, despite packing an astonishing amount of beauty and artistry into such a small package, suffered a similarly dismal fate. It wasn’t until the mid-1970s that anybody started to notice, but from then on the reputation of the album, and the band that recorded it, grew by leaps and bounds to attain almost mythic proportions. Nowadays it’s hard to believe that a record universally admired as an artistic achievement on a par with Sgt Pepper and Blonde on Blonde, containing a mix of songs which on the one hand made the Stones sound like Lawrence Welk, while on the other were as timelessly beautiful as anything McCartney ever composed, could have received so little attention upon its release. Seems the world wasn’t ready for the stark, uncompromising vision of the modern urban underbelly that was the Underground’s stock in trade, songs about drug addiction, prostitution, sexual deviance (as it was then defined), and generally aimless moral and psychic disintegration.

It wasn’t all heroin, BDSM and The Black Angel’s Death Song, though; some of the best they recorded in their brief existence were just about love, heartbreak, and the plain uncomplicated sadness of feeling spiritually empty. Have a listen to I’ll Be Your Mirror, Candy Says, Stephanie Says, Jesus, Pale Blue Eyes, or Sunday Morning. We may associate them with the late 1960s counterculture, but songs like those, like Femme Fatale, don’t really belong to any particular time, or place. You really can imagine one or another being sung by Marlene Dietrich, or slotting in to The Threepenny Opera, adding an extra measure of melodicism and emotional depth somewhere between Mack the Knife and Pimp’s Ballad.

The Exploding Plastic Inevitable, 1966
Edie Sedgwick and Andy Warhol (and friend), 1965

Song of the Day: Bruce Springsteen – Girls In Their Summer Clothes (January 22, 2021)

To my ears, anyway, he never sounded so much like the Boss as he does in this essential distillation of an entire career’s worth of anthems of the everyday struggles, pains, joys, and passions of the ordinary guy, a simultaneously stirring, plainspoken, and nostalgic remembrance of a certain summer evening that’s part Phil Spector, part Roy Orbison, and all Bruce. Written in the present tense, the song nevertheless feels retrospective, Springsteen pulling the listener back to those perfect golden hour moments in the Julys and Augusts of youth, those times we all experienced, when the shadows were growing long, all the colours faded to pastels, the streetlights were just starting to shine, and the whole night was ahead, with all the old, favourite haunts beckoning. You remember. It was like this:

Well the street lights shine
Down on Blessing Avenue
Lovers they walk by
Holdin’ hands two by two

A breeze crosses the porch
Bicycle spokes spin ’round
Jacket’s on, I’m out the door
Tonight I’m gonna burn this town down

And the girls in their summer clothes
In the cool of the evening light
The girls in their summer clothes
Pass me by

Maybe I’m particularly in love with this one because it’s a song my Mom would have liked a lot. She was an unlikely Springsteen fan, finding something irresistible in the melodrama and outright Wagnerian grandeur of his biggest, most crowd-pleasing numbers. I can see her now, grooving to Born to Run, Thunder Road, and Dancing in the Dark. One Christmas my brother bought her a big, multi-CD Springsteen retrospective, and I remember it playing when I returned to Halifax on visits. Girls in Their Summer Clothes would have been just the thing, right up Mom’s alley.

A song can be quite like a Rorschach test, and maybe it says more about me than anything Springsteen intended, but every time, I’m Just a couple of bars in, and it all floods back. The old gang, the joint where you all used to meet, that girl who broke your heart, the album you listened to over and over, that first deluxe widescreen 70mm Dolby Stereo movie that blew your mind, impossible that it could all have been so long ago, now, but what can you do. Maybe you never paused in the moment back then, to take it all in and realize what it would all mean to you one day; or maybe you did, and what you remember now is how even then, those special times felt precious, ephemeral, and bittersweet.

Song of the Day: Buddy Holly – Well All Right (January 26, 2021)

His tragically short career provides probably the greatest “what if” in the history of popular music. Not for nothing did the Beatles name themselves in homage to Holly’s band, the Crickets, and not for nothing was Holly’s one of the first music catalogues to which Paul McCartney bought the publishing rights. He was just 22 on February 3, 1959, when he took that fateful plane ride with Richie Valens and the Big Bopper, and had been releasing records for a scant two years when he and the others lost their lives on what became known as The Day the Music Died. Think about that – in just two years, all those terrific songs, Peggy Sue, That’ll Be the Day, Every Day, It’s So Easy, Not Fade Away, Maybe Baby, Heartbeat, Rave On, Oh Boy, Words of Love, simple, tuneful little pop gems that really weren’t so simple, and pointed the way to a new sort of rock ‘n roll, buoyed by melody, clever time signatures, and a sense of the possibilities inherent in studio recording. Those revisiting the catalogue expecting to find dull, hiss-filled artifacts of the Stone Age are always taken aback at the pristine clarity and fidelity of the masters, which, thankfully, have been lovingly repackaged over the years into a number of compilations that continue to sell – essentially, the record labels put everything he ever recorded into one box set, and call it his “greatest hits”.

Holly was, despite his youth, already on his way to joining the pantheon, and the attached, my own favourite, is a prime example of his accelerating sophistication. It’s a love song, yes, but with a defiant edge, and a stark arrangement for acoustic guitar that makes it sound right at home among the songs released by the greatest of the decade that followed him. Who knows, had he lived, he might well have produced a body of work to rival that of the English kids who cut their teeth playing his songs, and who, having learned his tricks, continued far down the road he’d just begun travelling when his journey was cut short.

Song of the Day: Marlene Dietrich – Lili Marlene (January 29, 2021)

It began life as a poem written during WW I by Hans Leip, a German soldier and subsequently minor literary figure, titled Das Lied eines jungen Soldaten auf der Wacht (The Song of a Young Soldier on Watch). It wasn’t set to music until 1938 by composer Norbert Schultz, and in its first recorded incarnation, by singer Lale Anderson, it barely raised a ripple. Then came a new World War, and the discovery of the little-known record by somebody working for German Armed Forces Radio, upon which it was heard by Erwin Rommel, then commanding German forces in North Africa. The Desert Fox fell in love with it. He ordered it played every evening to soothe the soldiers of his Afrika Korps, and as it was broadcast throughout the Mediterranean theatre over Radio Belgrade in occupied Yugoslavia, played with Teutonic precision as the sign-off at precisely 9:55 PM each night, it wasn’t just his own troops who fell in love with it.

Before long, it grew so popular with British forces that English language recordings were hastily made (can’t have the lads listening to the bloody Krauts, can we?), first by vocalist Anne Shelton, and then, iconically, by Vera Lynn, she of We’ll Meet Again and White Cliffs of Dover. Perhaps even more famous is the attached rendition by Marlene Dietrich, who first performed it as part of a project begun by the American Office of Special Services, predecessor to the CIA, whose Morale Operations Branch intended it as a propaganda tool to be broadcast with presumed demoralizing effect to German soldiers over the OSS radio station Soldatensender. This only increased its general popularity, everybody on both sides tuning in, and Dietrich was called upon to sing it live for Allied troops all over the European theatre, laying them flat in the aisles wherever she went. In due course these performances were featured in newsreels shown in theatres on the home front, where the reaction was equally enthusiastic, until just about everybody, everywhere, was listening, enraptured by the sublime melody. Thus what began as a German poem of the First World War became the almost universally adored theme song of the Second, the sentimental favourite of homesick soldiers of the Axis and Allies alike, and of all of the loved ones who hoped to see them one day home again. By VE Day, it was probably the world’s most popular piece of music.

German Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels positively hated the song, for the same reason the OSS was eager to promote it: as rendered in the original German, Lili Marlene, despite its superficial similarity to a conventional love ballad, is perhaps the most moving and evocative anti-war song ever recorded. Those accustomed to the pure, romantic sentimentality of the English lyrics as warbled by Vera Lynn, which make it all about the girl who waits faithfully back home for her soldier boy to return, might be taken aback by the decidedly different tone of the poem as it was first written; here it is translated literally, with no alterations to preserve rhyme or metre:

In front of the barracks, in front of its large gate
There was a lantern
And still it’s standing there
Let’s meet again in the lantern’s shine
Let’s stand underneath it
Like we used to do, Lili Marleen
Like we used to do, Lili Marleen

Our shadows merged, and
That we loved each other
Everyone could conclude
And all the people could see it well
As we stood underneath the lantern
Like we used to do, Lili Marleen
Like we used to do, Lili Marleen

The sentry was already calling,
They bugled the last post
“That may cost you three days!”
“Comrade, I’ll be right in!”
That was when we had to say goodbye
How I wished I could go with you
With you, Lili Marleen
With you, Lili Marleen

It knows the sound of your steps
The lovely way you walk
It’s burning each and every night
But it forgot about me long ago
And should woe befall me –
Who’ll be the one, standing by the lantern with you?
With you, Lili Marleen?
With you, Lili Marleen?

From the realm of silence
From the earthen grounds
Lifts me like I’m dreaming of your lovely mouth
When nightly mists are drifting
I’ll be standing by the lantern
As once, Lili Marleen
As once, Lili Marleen

Should woe befall me, who’ll be the one standing by the lantern with you, Lili? The version crafted for the grunts on our team didn’t mention that the poor, frightened soldier got killed in his trench, and now, long forgotten, aches for his lost love from the other side, while these days his darling Lili perhaps meets somebody else beneath the old lantern.

Goebbels tried to ban it. You can see his point.

Anybody following Songs of the Day here on The Needlefish will know that if there’s one thing for which I’ll always be a helpless sucker, it’s an exquisite melody. Write me something like Lili Marlene, and if needs be I’ll do my damndest to separate the art from the artist, which, sadly, is necessary in this case because this fellow Norbert Schultz turns out to have been a bit of Nazi, and an avid composer of patriotic scores for the propagandistic extravaganzas put on across various media by the aforementioned Goebbels. He was not, therefore, somebody we ought to admire as a human being, but maybe look at it this way: with Lili Marlene he undoubtedly managed, however unwittingly, to thoroughly undermine any contribution he made later as a composer of stirring martial themes for the Reich Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda. His music rendered immortal the almost unbearably poignant sentiments of a poem that made his own people long for an end to war, and gifted the Allies something which, when suitably tweaked, put the forces of his enemies in mind of all they had to look forward to once victory was won, and they could all go home. I don’t know whether he just went along to get along, or was a fervent Mein Kampf-reading, Jew-hating, Hitler-worshiping son of a bitch, but either way, isn’t there something delicious in the irony?

Besides which, damn, it’s one for the ages, isn’t it? No wonder it made Rommel weep inconsolably into his schnapps. I’m not saying we give its composer a pass, but given what became of it, I’d say we can enjoy Lili Marlene, in all its ineffable, heart-rending beauty, absent any guilt.

Song of the Day: The Smashing Pumpkins – 1979 (February 16, 2021)

Smashing Pumpkins front Man Billy Corgan wasn’t a teenaged high-schooler in 1979, he was only 12, but hey close enough looking back from 1995, when he’d reached the ripe old age of 28. “I’m on the edge of losing my connection to youth” he said at the time, “and I wanted to communicate from the edge of it, an echo back to the generation that’s coming”. Geez, wish I was similarly on the edge of losing my connection to my younger teenaged self, but alas, no; and the passing of the years has accelerated to the point that I was brought up short, revisiting a song which to me still seems fairly recent, to realize that the distant past it commemorates was only 16 years prior at the time, and is now more than 40, 26 more years having somehow flowed under the bridge.

I was 18 in 1979, on my way to university, so really this wonderfully nostalgic song should be more about my past than Corgan’s, except I wasn’t a normal well-adjusted teenager, and none of the depicted stuff happened to me. I didn’t go to wild house parties, or cruise around town with my homies in a muscle car like the ’72 Dodge Charger featured here (my buddy Leonard had a mid-70s Pinto in which I often rode shotgun during my college years, does that count?), and I never would have considered anti-social rebellion as extreme as throwing a neighbour’s harmless patio furniture into his pool, or TP’ing the innocent trees in somebody’s previously tidy front yard. Good Lord, no. What if that was your pool? What if those were your trees in your front yard? Then how would you feel? Nope, that sort of thing just wasn’t nice.

Funny thing, back then I wasn’t popular with the girls.

In my nerdly defence, I was slyly subversive in my own way. In fact it was during the front half of 1979, in my last semester of High School, when I decided to run Francis the Talking Mule for student government, on the then unfashionable Communist Party ticket. I snuck in after hours and plastered the hallways and classroom doors with homemade campaign posters, all sporting the hammer and sickle, and featuring catchy slogans like Vote Francis for a self-perpetuating autocracy!, This school has always been run by capitalist jackasses – why not give the Commie a chance? , and Francis has a five year plan – and leaving this dump standing ain’t part of it. I used a step ladder I found in an open janitor’s closet to put a lot of them in awkward places, and the one over the doors to the library, which promised the electorate that a totalitarian Francis regime would make the bells ring on time, was still there when I graduated.


So no, there were none of those Dazed and Confused hijinks for me, and while this perfectly realized video almost makes me feel like those must have been the best times of my life, the truth is that I hated my high school years and have no nostalgia for them now – I’d serve a stint in Millhaven before I went through all that again – and when you listen to the lyrics, it sounds like adolescence wasn’t an unmitigated joy ride for Billy, either:

And I don’t even care to shake these zipper blues
And we don’t know just where our bones will rest
To dust I guess forgotten and absorbed
Into the earth below

The music is superficially joyful, but I guess it wouldn’t be the Pumpkins if its young protagonist didn’t express some measure of underlying angst over what lies ahead, suppressed, perhaps, in the happiness of the moment, but always there. Maybe that’s why I like this one so much. The video might not remind me much of anything I lived through, but the song is a good deal more than a rose-tinted tribute to the supposedly good old days.

Still a viable candidate!

Song of the Day: The Bee Gees – Massachusetts (February 19, 2021)

The Bee Gees are remembered today for Saturday Night Fever, and thumping 4/4 disco sung in a manic falsetto by guys in white suits in the late 70s. But that was a second act for the Brothers Gibb, who had shone in the 60s as a sort of Anglo-Australian answer to the Beatles, propelled along by superbly melodic tunes that seemed like ersatz Lennon-McCartney at the time, and now sound, from the perspective of this tuneless age of one note verses and rhythmic talking, like the siren songs of a lost golden age.

Massachusetts is a perennial favourite, and I think their best composition. It was written as a reaction to one-hit-wonder Scott McKenzie’s 1967 San Francisco, the really rather lovely tribute (penned by friend John Phillips of the Mamas and Papas) to the supposed hippie utopia then growing organically around the environs of the world famous Haight-Ashbury intersection, where peace and love were said to be ushering in a new golden age in which the pure Marxist ideal of “from each according to his ability, to each according to his need” was in the process of being realized. Well, not so much, as it turned out.  When George Harrison made the pilgrimage in the summer of ‘67, he was appalled to find nothing but dishevelled LSD junkies lying around in the littered, dirty streets, strung out, filthy, hungry, and clueless. Before that ugly reality set in, though, it seemed like everybody dreamed of going to San Francisco, where flower children would likely meet the weary travellers at the airport and guide them to the promised land astride unicorns, while they strummed their guitars, and sang of truth, kindness, and justice.

The Bee Gees, perhaps ahead of the pack in intuiting the inevitably more down to earth reality, imagined a disillusioned visitor growing homesick amid the revelry, and longing to return to the East Coast state of Massachusetts, a place they’d never been, where they imagined the lights going out as the whole population went the opposite way in a mass exodus to California. It’s a timeless premise: fun is fun, but all dreamy interludes have to end, and the lure of home is powerful.

It’s said that at first the brothers didn’t intend to sing it, having written it instead for the now all but forgotten Seekers, but for one reason or another good sense overcame them and they recorded it themselves. In the result they achieved their first UK No. 1 while going to to the very top in countries all over the globe, and breaking into the American market by reaching 11th spot on the Billboard Hot 100. It sold over five million copies. They were to reach ever more dizzying heights in the years that followed, finally becoming so ubiquitous that they all but singlehandedly spawned a countercultural backlash against well-crafted pop music in general, and Disco in particular, but after it was all over, and they joined what some would have called the “nostalgia circuit”, Massachusetts was always one of the first that audiences wanted to hear. It still would be I’d wager, except sadly, over fifty years on, only Barry now remains. He’s got a new album out, titled Greenfields, in which he revisits the catalogue in collaboration with various artists, but Massachusetts isn’t on it, and I can’t imagine why, or why Alison Krauss, who duets with him on Too Much Heaven, didn’t lobby for it. If it was my song, boy, I’d never let the world forget it.

Song of the Day: Diana Ross and the Supremes – Love Child (March 1, 2021)

2648 West Grand Boulevard, Detroit, Michigan, a house bought by Barry Gordy in 1959 to serve as the recording studio for Motown Records.  “Hitsville USA” said the sign, and that was no idle boast. For a whole decade, number 1 hits poured out of the place, from artists like the Four Tops, the Temptations, Smokey Robinson, Marvin Gaye, Stevie Wonder, the Jackson 5, on and on, fed by a stable of phenomenal songwriters, most notably Holland-Dozier-Holland, and backed up by an uncredited group of expert session musicians who billed themselves as the “Funk Brothers”, all peerless in their own right, and none more so than the great James Jamerson, arguably the greatest bass player who ever lived. The Motown sound. There never was anything like it.

Their slogan said it all: “The sound of young America”.  Yes, it was all black artists, singers, musicians and songwriters, but shit, man, you could be white as snow, didn’t matter. This was music for everybody, so melodically and rhythmically alluring that nobody who could so much as tap a toe could possibly resist it (as one member of the Funk Brothers said, “No offense to Diana Ross or nothin’, but Elmer Fudd could’ve had hits singin’ those songs”*).  Hard to believe, now, but in that one amazing decade, while Bob Dylan waxed philosophical and the Beatles soared, chased by the Beach Boys, the Kinks, the Who, the Rolling Stones, Buffalo Springfield, Creedence Clearwater Revival, Jimi Hendrix, God help us it never stopped, while constantly, almost metronomically, one Motown hit after another.

Biggest of all were the aforementioned Diana Ross and the Supremes, who didn’t just make the mainstream, but had twelve – twelve – Number 1 singles between 1964 and 1970, beginning with Where Did Our Love Go, and progressing through a litany of songs that remain familiar to just about anybody who adores good pop music: Stop in the Name of Love, Come See About Me, You Can’t Hurry Love, You Keep Me Hangin’ On, Reflections, and many others including today’s pick, the one that had the chops to take over the top slot from Hey Jude, hitting Number 1 at the end of 1968. It’s always been my favourite, ever since I was a little kid, and it came as a surprise to learn that it wasn’t written by the stalwart team of Holland-Dozier-Holland, but instead by what amounted to a five person committee led by R. Dean Taylor, whose name might ring a bell to those of us of a certain age, being the singer behind the kind of hokey but still pretty good 1970 hit Indiana Wants Me.

Well, nothing hokey about this one. Listen to how it starts, those strummed chords on rhythm guitar and then the descending swirl of strings, it’s so frigging dramaticthat’s how you start a song you want played on the radio, kid – it just grabs you right by the throat, doesn’t it?  Tenement slums sing the girls, right off the bat, and you know right away that this is no love song, and this shit is no joke. What follows could almost be described as feminist, almost political, laying out the fears and pressures that young women endure in their relationships with randy males, written at a time when something novel like the Pill wouldn’t have been readily available to a poor girl from the wrong side of the tracks, while, Lord knows, the guy was less likely than not to supply his own. He doesn’t care. He can just cut and run, like Daddy did, and look what awaits you and your sad fatherless child if you take just one wrong step:

I started my life
In an old cold run down tenement slum
My father left, he never even married Mom
I shared the guilt my Mama knew
So afraid that others knew I had no name

I started school
In a worn torn dress that somebody threw out
I knew the way it felt to always live in doubt
To be without the simple things
So afraid my friends would see the guilt in me

I defy you to find any song, recorded any time, that can cut through the background noise and seize your attention any better than this one. You can just see it in your mind’s eye, can’t you, the little dashboard radio glowing orange, the hum of tires on the road, and the kid in the passenger seat grabbing for the volume dial: turn it up turn it up! It’s a clinic in professional composition, arranging, and musicianship, and you can sense in it the excitement of artists who knew what they had their hands on, everybody all fired up, with the Funk Brothers really giving it their all, behind a palpably authentic vocal performance delivered by somebody who grew up wearing hand-me-downs amid the poverty of Detroit’s Brewster-Douglass housing project, and knew whereof she sang. Wait – can’t you wait now, just a little bit longer? You’re left wondering how it turned out. Was he persuaded? Did she hold fast? Maybe he turned out to be a stand-up guy? Or did it all end with one more fatherless child, growing up dirt poor in the projects?

*If you’ve never seen the documentary Standing in the Shadows of Motown, seek it out!

Song of the Day: The Beatles – Rain (March 21, 2021)

And suddenly, there was a musical style that soon became known as psychedelia, A.K.A. acid rock.

The thing that’s difficult to remember these days is that the Beatles, known today for an epochal run of albums beginning with Rubber Soul and ending with Abbey Road, were actually the greatest singles band in history, with 34 Billboard top tens, 20 of them #1s, in an industry then dominated by 45s (arguably albums only became a Serious Thing in rock & roll because of the Beatles). All of that, mind you, in about six years. Incredible. From this distance the sheer speed with which it all happened is almost impossible to grasp, as is the exponential musical growth that the listener can trace, single by single, as they repeatedly reinvented themselves, and continually revolutionized their whole genre as they progressed. In 1964, nobody stateside had really heard anything quite like that first momentous release of I Want to Hold Your Hand, backed with I Saw Her Standing There; in 1967, nobody anywhere had ever heard anything at all quite like Penny Lane backed with Strawberry Fields Forever. Nor had anybody before them conditioned their audience to expect that which sprang from an evidently bottomless surplus of great songs, as exemplified by those two singles, and many others: the double Aside. Most other pop stars released their hits on records with throwaways on the flip side, usually substandard filler, or even nonsense. Not the Fab Four. With them, there quite often was no B-side. They just threw them out there and let the DJs figure out which was the hit. Would it be Day Tripper or We Can Work it Out ? Hey Jude or Revolution ? Much to John’s chagrin, from 1965 on it was usually McCartney’s offering the world preferred, and so it was with today’s selection, which appeared on a double A-side 45 with Paul’s Paperback Writer.

In England, these singles were compact and self-contained little statements in their own right, and kept separate from the LPs* for which they served as harbingers. Just as Penny Lane/Strawberry Fields was the signpost for Sgt. Pepper, Rain/Paperback Writer pointed the way to Revolver, and in both cases the singles and albums were recorded in the same sessions, just as in both cases, now that everything is oriented towards the album, it seems a pity they were excluded from the subsequent records (tragically so, when one considers what would have been added to Sgt. Pepper ), especially now that singles as such no longer exist. Stripped of their context and relegated to separate “best of” collections as if they were afterthoughts, we no longer get a sense of how momentous those two-song masterworks really were, or how important they were to the Beatles themselves. So many of them served as indicators of where popular music, which was evolving at a fantastic pace in the 1960s, was going to go next.

In 1966, spurred on by competition from the Rolling Stones and The Who, Paperback Writer and Rain confirmed that pop/rock was now heading in a decidedly more muscular direction, and would no longer restrict itself to romantic tropes. Neither song has anything to say about youthful infatuation or boy-meets-girl. The word “love” is nowhere to be heard. No, things henceforward were going to be more serious, a trend enhanced in the Beatles discography by Lennon’s keen appreciation of the grand and philosophical landmark albums then being released by Bob Dylan. The songs were also clearly going to sound weightier, less cheerful, and more hard-driving. Paperback Writer, an irrepressible exercise in riff-centric rock and roll, was about a struggling author desperate for a break, while Rain was a moodier and somewhat more sombre number concerned with general human folly. Both were brilliant, propelled along by newly powerful guitars, a much deeper, more resonant low end, and perhaps unexpectedly assertive and musically sophisticated drumming. That was the first thing that grabbed the discerning listener, the way the Beatles’ rhythm section was now standing out in a very big way (about which more below).

There was something else, too, when you listened to Rain, and it reeked of marijuana and other, more dangerous substances: things were getting a little, well, weird, experimental, and almost hallucinogenic. Lennon was reaching his creative peak, and plainly, we can now see in retrospect, taking an awful lot of mind-altering drugs. He was, in fact, drugging himself so thoroughly that it would soon rob him of his dominance within the group, while eroding his interest in things generally, and in continuing to be a Beatle in particular, but for now all was well, the songs were getting better, and the drugs were playing sounds in his head that he champed at the bit to reproduce on record. Sometimes not just in his head – John got the idea for the backwards singing at the end of Rain when he was up late one night, stoned out of his gourd, and threaded a tape onto his reel-to-reel the wrong way around. The bizarre sounds enthralled him. Given the misconceptions that have somehow grown over the years about the Lennon-McCartney creative partnership, and the relative heft of the contribution each made to the group’s astonishing brilliance, one might assume that McCartney would have balked at such craziness, but as it happened Paul was already headed in the same direction, having immersed himself in the music of the classical avant garde. There were experimental composers who’d been playing with backwards tape and weirdly spooky tape loops for years, producing little that one of history’s greatest melodists could have found especially listenable as music, but making what sounded to McCartney like some very interesting and potentially useful sorts of noise. If John wanted to forge off into unknown territory, he’d get no quibbles from Paul. That’s where he wanted to go too.

And that’s just what Lennon did. Rain can fairly be described as the first truly psychedelic rock and roll song**, in its way almost as drenched in weed and LSD as Revolver’ s subsequent closing cut, the revolutionary Tomorrow Never Knows, in which the McCartney-furnished repeating tape loops helped Lennon craft the auditory acid trip of his dreams (I want it to sound like a hundred Tibetan monks chanting on a mountain top, John is reported to have said to an always resourceful but initially nonplussed George Martin). The electric guitars are cutting, layered, a little distorted, and almost meandering as set against the innovative and superbly emphatic drum fills supplied by Ringo (who considers this his best recorded performance). The vocal is different somehow, like it’s coming out of a distant loudspeaker, and sounds as if it’s being filtered through one’s own apparently altered consciousness, like something you’d hear in a dream. Angry, too; all of a sudden the Beatles sounded as if they were ticked off, and now desired to give you a piece of their collective mind. John, often curiously dismissive of his own work, described Rain as merely a song “about people moaning about the weather all the time”, as if the subtext wasn’t the subjectively exalted perception of life, the universe, and everything it all meant, which users often experienced when high on LSD. Rain, most assuredly, was not about the weather. It was about perception, and the mental prisons we build for ourselves. John was on a mission, and everybody needed to understand that there was a greater, vastly more important truth out there just waiting to be discovered, if people would simply extract their silly heads from their own ample backsides.

But no. All they seemed to do was react to whatever’s happening with rote, unenlightened predictability, like witless stimulus/response machines, doggedly refusing to see the big picture. When it rains, they run and hide their heads. When it’s sunny, they slip into the shade. Amoeba do as much. They might as well be dead, sings John, who concludes with an exhortation, and a bit of a bracing slap across the listener’s face:

Rain! I don’t mind
Shine! The weather’s fine

Can you hear me, that when it rains and shines
It’s just a state of mind?
Can you hear me, can you hear me?

And then you can’t understand a bit of what he’s saying. As the song fades out you can indeed still hear him, it’s John all right, but damned if you can understand him. It sounds like gibberish, something along the lines of sdaeh rieht edih dna nur yeht semoc niar eht fI, and there’s something awfully strange about the intonation. Why – what the hell? – it sounded like it was backwards. Maybe a secret message? Maybe something naughty?

Thus was laid the foundation for endless speculation and sleuthing down the road, as the fans slapped the discs on to their turntables and manually spun the records in reverse, ears pressed to the grooves, listening for secret messages that would substantiate their QAnon-like belief that actually, Paul was stone dead, and had been for ages.

Anyway, what was going on? I thought these cheery kids wanted to hold my hand, or talk about girls and such. Now they were telling me I didn’t know how to live my life, and might as well be six feet under? The loveable moptops were saying that? What gives? Man, the Beatles had changed.

They had. They really had. And they weren’t done with you yet.

One of the really exciting aspects of both Rain and its flip-side was a whole new sound, featuring a deep, resonant, and prominently articulate bass line. Both John and Paul grew up as artists listening intently to the records coming out of Motown, and Paul deeply admired the playing of the uncredited bassist, James Jamerson, often described as the best bass player then working in all of popular music. He surely was, but there was a kid in England who’d soon prove to be his peer (to this day, few seem to realize that Paul is one of the greatest bassists to ever pluck a string, and easily the most imaginative and melodic). McCartney badgered the recording engineers to make it sound like it did in the Motown discs, to give it more punch and clarity to the bottom end, to make it more prominent and intelligible in the mix, and in effect more dramatic. With Rain they were finally close to giving him what he wanted. The bass line is one of its primary delights, and has become legendary among players, any number of whom have posted videos on YouTube showing themselves playing along to the record, and demonstrating they have the chops to keep up. Most actually can’t, it turns out, but this fellow certainly can:

Song of the Day: Peter Gabriel – Solsbury Hill (March 28, 2021)

If you’re at all like me, you want very much to spell the song title “Salisbury Hill”, which seems proper – but that’s not how it’s spelled! Solsbury Hill is an artificial, flat-topped bit of earthwork geography in Somerset, England, the former site of an Iron Age fortification dated to over 2,000 years ago, rising to about 600 feet above the nearby River Avon.

Links above give you both the “official” version as released in 1977, and a quite wonderful live performance, recorded many years later on David Letterman’s show. Dave, God bless him, always had terrific musical guests, and being as he broadcast from the Ed Sullivan Theatre, it was fitting that he always made the acts perform live, no lip-synching, no tapes, just as Ed did back in the day.

Appearing on Gabriel’s first eponymous solo album, Solsbury Hill is a largely metaphorical account of an emotional epiphany – this is actually, as once noted in one of the editions of the Rolling Stone Record Guide, rock music’s greatest resignation letter. For years before recording this, Gabriel was a key member of the band Genesis, one of those infinitely tiresome “progressive” art rock bands of the Seventies (like Emerson Lake and Palmer, and Yes) whose existence, I hate to admit, we can lay at the Beatles’ doorstep; after Sgt. Pepper, everybody thought they had it in them to write their own A Day in the Life, and many tried, with uniformly disastrous results. I’ve been forced to listen to some early Genesis, and OMG it’s awful (give a listen to The Lamb Lays Down on Broadway, you don’t believe me), and I guess Gabriel thought so too, because he quit and pursued a far more respectable solo career. This must have seemed at the time like a mortal blow to the band, but as it worked out his departure didn’t do much to ruin anybody’s prospects. Within a couple of years, Genesis morphed into a far more lucrative proposition under the leadership of drummer Phil Collins, who took the group in a much different and hugely more popular direction (albeit one in which commercial MOR pop mediocrity replaced the former unbridled pretentiousness, leaving one to wonder which was worse).

Solsbury Hill is the tale of Gabriel finally screwing up his courage to break with the band and strike out on his own, a musical version of his interior thoughts at the very moment he resolved to quit. He tells the story of his soul-searching climb up Solsbury Hill as if the daring idea of leaving is a force that arrives from somewhere outside of himself, like an eagle that flew in from the night, come to rescue him. You can feel the relief, the sheer joy of realizing that no, you don’t have to go on this way, actually, you can just leave, like an inmate who’s told by a voice issuing from somewhere in the ether that the thing is, the prison gate was never really locked, so come on, buddy, let’s goGrab your things, I’ve come to take you home.

I wonder if other listeners share the sense of unstoppable forward motion I always get with this song, and the same uplifting, exhilarating, altogether euphoric feeling of liberation. To me it seems entirely appropriate when, at the conclusion of the live performance on Letterman, the orchestra breaks out into a few strains from the Ode to Joy. This is the one you play as you tear out of town in a fast car, lighting out on the highway for parts unknown, just because anywhere is better than here. Something to listen to any time you’re screwing up your courage to make a big, life-changing decision.

Song of the Day: Don Henley – End of the Innocence (March 31, 2021)

Henley was one of the driving forces behind the Eagles, but don’t hold that against him. In his solo career he did a couple of really nice songs, like this one, co-written with Bruce Hornsby, whose distinctive piano work supports the studio recording.

This is one of those “maybe you have to be of a certain age” sort of songs, a world-weary lament about the Reagan years in the 1980s, when Ronnie was both incredibly popular, and thoroughly terrifying to the great many who felt sure that his hawkish anti-Soviet rhetoric and vast military spending were going to push us into nuclear war. While viewed nostalgically these days, those were troubled times, as times most always are. The Cold War was at its hottest since the Cuban Missile Crisis; some previously obscure jarhead named Ollie North was selling weapons to embargoed Iran in a complex and thoroughly illegal scheme sponsored from within the White House to secretly fund anti-communist insurgents in Nicaragua, while buying back hostages held in Lebanon (worse by far than Watergate, I always thought, but even then we were already too jaded to care); the AIDS virus made its appearance, and tore through an oppressed and still widely reviled gay community in that terrible stretch before effective treatments emerged, when infection was tantamount to a death sentence; the “me generation” was making everything about money, greed, unbridled capitalism, and de-regulation, with disastrous effects that we still feel today; and we saw the first real instances of large scale fraud in financial institutions (look up the “Keating Five”). The prevailing ethos embraced cynicism, disillusionment, hedonism, and a slippery gaming of the system, often with the attitude that yeah, O.K., maybe we cut a few corners, but you know, we have lawyers for that.

Looking back it’s rather sad, almost quaint really, that we thought that was the worst things could get.

This song fits into a long tradition of yearning for a bygone America of decent folk living honest lives in small towns, a simpler time of working the land and honouring your parents, which of course never actually existed, it’s just that we need to believe in a golden era of yesteryear, if only so we can hope to one day recreate it. End of the Innocence now stands itself as a bracing and perhaps unwelcome reminder that it isn’t true, because it’s never true, and what we remember now as a carefree decade of exuberant revelry was in fact an era when corruption was rife, and war clouds were gathering. We weren’t really happy. We were scared. I’d bet that anyone who was there watching the Reagan era build-up of nuclear weapons, even those who, like me, were fully steeped in the grim logic of deterrence theory, knew that sad, tired feeling of wondering if it would ever stop short of killing us all, and why it ever had to start in the first place. I was a hardened cold-warrior, at heart, but this really struck a chord:

How beautiful for spacious skies
but now those skies are threatening
we’re beating ploughshares into swords
for that tired old man who we elected king

But Reagan’s a demigod now, even to those who’ve warped his beloved Republican Party into something he would have found repugnant. After all, while mediocre and misguided in lots of ways, Ronnie can seem like Jefferson when viewed from atop the wreckage of this devastated post-Trump vantage point. Most of us would take the Gipper any day over the appalling frauds, charlatans, bigots, and idiots who now vie to lead an America that never was innocent, not really, but once had more to offer the world than the present spectacle of depravity, cruelty, and outright racist extremism. To that extent, I suppose there really was a better time, better than this one anyway, a thought that takes us about as close to romantic nostalgia as the unvarnished truth will allow.

Song of the Day: John Mayer – Great Indoors (April 3, 2021)

This seemed an apt song for a grey Saturday afternoon, in a town going back into COVID lockdown amid a near-record onslaught of new cases. While temperamentally well suited to a life sequestered here in my own little universe, a certain sense of melancholy does work its way into most everything you do, and don’t do, when you never go outdoors. In our current situation, Great Indoors might even seem to hit the nail a little too squarely on the head.

This is a song about a recluse, off of Mayer’s first major studio album Room for Squares, on which it was regarded as a minor track and generally overlooked in favour of crowd-pleasers like Your Body is a Wonderland. I find it touching and sympathetic, as the singer tries to coax the shut-in to come back into the world outside, apparently without success. It’s just so safe and secure indoors, with the blinds drawn, the posters making the walls go away, the TV serving as window, and the listener gets the feeling that the urge to stay locked away is in this case something much greater than shyness, perhaps rooted in some sort of trauma. In the lovely bridge, the singer seems to understand better than he’d like:

Though lately I can’t blame you
I have seen the world
And sometimes wish your room had room for two

… and at that the electric guitar seems almost to be weeping amid the descending chords.

Opinions have always been sharply divided when it comes to Mayer. He was greeted with an initial burst of huge enthusiasm, received all sorts of airplay, sold millions of albums, and won himself seven Grammys. Critics praised his guitar virtuosity, nuanced use of shifting, jazz-like chords, and often clever lyrics. Later on came the perhaps inevitable backlash, particularly in the wake of a disastrous set of interviews in 2010, in which Mayer uttered a number of very odd and distasteful sentiments, causing many to turn on him personally. A series of bitter, high profile schisms with a number of high profile girlfriends didn’t help. People stopped liking him. Suddenly his music was decried for being bland, middle-of-the-road pop contrived to please the average listener while breaking no new musical ground, and in many cases the criticism seemed apt.

Yet there’s something to be said for a well-crafted piece of pop music, isn’t there? Rock critics always want the music to be raucous and angry, and seem to react poorly to a song like Great Indoors, which aims instead to be sad, empathetic, tuneful, and evocative. I don’t know, maybe they’re right and I’m just a sap, but with this one I can’t help myself; there’s something so gentle and hopeful in the way the singer tries to persuade the TV-gazing introvert to go ahead and give the outside world another try. Maybe that’s because at this point, Mayer seems to be speaking directly to me.

Song of the Day: Various – Everybody Sings Dylan (April 4, 2021)

Bob Dylan – America’s greatest songwriter? Some people think so, and though that’s a lofty claim when the field includes Gershwin, Porter, Rogers et. al., no doubt about it, the boy was great. He’s certainly the undisputed poet laureate of modern song, and has a Nobel in Literature to prove it. Thing is, I’m with those who think his own delivery of his songs sometimes detracts from their inherent musicality, and that his voice is just, well, a ways removed from superb. Don’t get me wrong, sometimes it’s just perfect – I wouldn’t want to hear anybody else’s rendition of A Hard Rain’s A-Gonna Fall – but then again sometimes it almost sounds like he’s doing a bad cover version of one of his own numbers (I know! Heresy!). No matter, since so many artists have recorded his stuff that we can listen to a huge part of his catalogue as interpreted by others, themselves among the most talented of their generation. So here’s a few.

The Byrds: Mr. Tambourine Man

The Byrds: My Back Pages

The jangly guitars of Mr. Tambourine Man are perhaps more evocative of the Sixties than any other sound. That’s Roger McGuinn playing his trademark twelve string Rickenbacker guitar, an instrument he learned to play, so legend has it, as soon as he saw George Harrison wielding one in the film Hard Day’s Night (listen to the twanging guitar part that serves as a fadeout for that Beatles song – same guitar, same sound). The Byrds, on the strength of this number, took off and became the first in a long line of candidates for “America’s answer to the Beatles”, and while there may be an element of homage in misspelling the common word “bird” just as the lads misspelled “beetle”, they never really aspired to that label, and made their own reputation, on their own terms, playing a number of Dylan songs along the way.

Clocking in at a succinct two minutes and thirty seconds, the Byrd’s rendition of Mr. Tambourine Man could be criticized for giving short shrift to the maestro’s multi-stanza magnum opus, but remember, the goal was to get airplay on AM radio, a medium that didn’t take kindly to anything that hung around for much longer than that, not at that point, anyway; sure, a couple of years later Hey Jude would be hogging the airwaves at over seven minutes a play, but such a thing was unthinkable in 1965. Anyway, it’s a beautiful rendition, and the definitive version for a lot of listeners. Lyrics like Take me on a trip upon your magic swirlin’ ship, my senses have been stripped, my hands can’t feel to grip had everybody convinced it was a musical tribute to drug use, a notion that Dylan has always refuted (though remember, it was Bob who turned the Beatles on to pot, so it wasn’t exactly a wild theory, but they said the same thing about Puff the Magic Dragon, because back then it was everybody’s go-to explanation when they got confused).

My Back Pages is if anything still more sublime. The whole theme of the song, that you can reach the closing years of your life and look back bemusedly at the kid you used to be, once so sure of everything, and realize that only now do you have the wisdom to open your mind in a pure, childlike acceptance of all the doubt, ambiguity, and wonder that surrounds you, well, that’s a hell of a thing to spring from the brow of a songwriter in his 20s. He was perhaps thinking of the prevailing Cold War ideology of anti-Communism, which did so much damage to the liberty of so many innocent dissenting voices in the 50s and 60s:

My guard stood hard
when abstract threats
too noble to neglect
deceived me into thinking
I had something to protect

…but really this goes for anyone who wakes up one day to realize it’s all been a scam, that they amplified an outside threat to scare you into letting them rob you of your own hard-won freedoms. It’s an old story, really, and it keeps repeating – have a look at the Patriot Act if you need convincing on that score.

George Harrison: If Not For You

This is off George’s first big solo extravaganza, All Things Must Pass, and it’s just about everyone’s favourite version of this very pleasant and straightforward love song, devoid of the usual Dylanesque wordplay and metaphorical imagery. At around the same time it was a hit for Olivia Newton John, of all people, and the title track of her first album, which I guess proves that Dylan could write something classifiable as an inoffensive pop tune if it suited him. Heck of a nice pop tune, though, even if Ms. Newton John said she didn’t really like it.

Rod Stewart: Tomorrow is a Long Time

Rod devolved into something of a sad parody of his former self in later years, prancing around singing relative drivel like Young Turks and Do Ya Think I’m Sexy, but he didn’t start out that way. In 1971 he released Every Picture Tells a Story, truly a classic album, with songs like Maggie Mae, Mandolin Wind, Reason to Believe, the title track, and this nice treatment of another Dylan love song. It’s an old romantic theme in American song – the lonely man on the road, aching to get back to his love so he can be at peace again.

The Band: When I Paint My Masterpiece

Dylan dropped out of public life for a while in the late sixties, recovering from a nasty motorcycle accident, and during his hiatus he became friendly with a Canadian group of master musicians (including one American, Levon Helm) who used to back up Ronnie Hawkins as the “Hawks”, and took to calling themselves, simply, “The Band”. The self-composed songs on their debut album were written in a big pink house they shared in upstate New York, and the album was called, naturally enough, Music From the Big Pink (which included the classics I Shall be Released and The Weight.) This Dylan cover appeared on a later album, and was the first recorded version of the song, which picks up on another classic theme, the young American as innocent abroad, newly exposed to the old world culture of Europe, and drifting pleasantly with no particular goal but to soak it all in – except sometimes you do miss home, you know?

The Man Himself: A Hard Rain’s A-Gonna Fall

The song that sold me on Bobby D., and the one, I’m quite sure, that clinched his Nobel.

Written in 1962 and released on the 1963 album Freewheelin’, A Hard Rain’s A-Gonna Fall is one of those songs that can fairly be described as “epic”, a serious work of genuine poetry full of bleak imagery and post-apocalyptic sentiments that seemed, in the immediate aftermath of the Cuban Missile Crisis, evocative of nuclear war and the deadly fallout that comes after. Dylan has said that’s too literal an interpretation, and that actually, each line began life as a separate song he didn’t have the energy to finish, implying it’s not actually about anything at all, perhaps with tongue planted firmly in cheek. One thing’s for sure: it isn’t about sweet little bunnies hopping about in flowery fields.  From the first time I heard it, certain lines were indelibly burned into memory:

Oh, what did you see, my blue-eyed son?
Oh, what did you see, my darling young one?
I saw a newborn baby with wild wolves all around it
I saw a highway of diamonds with nobody on it
I saw a black branch with blood that kept drippin’
I saw a room full of men with their hammers a-bleedin’
I saw a white ladder all covered with water
I saw ten thousand talkers whose tongues were all broken
I saw guns and sharp swords in the hands of young children
And it’s a hard, and it’s a hard, it’s a hard, it’s a hard
And it’s a hard rain’s a-gonna fall

This sort of thing might have been familiar to followers of the Beat poets and the art house crowd, but it was a far cry from anything for which adolescent Americans had thus far been prepared by their AM radios.  Beach Blanket Bingo, this wasn’t. At a time when almost literally mindless escapism was the very essence of popular song, here was Dylan proclaiming, like some prophet of a looming armageddon, that he heard the sound of a thunder that roared out a warning, he heard the roar of a wave that could drown the whole world.

Compare and contrast: in 1963 the top song, according to Billboard, was Sugar Shack, by Jimmy Gilmer and the Fireballs. Here, have a taste of the scrumptious words:

There’s a crazy little shack beyond the tracks
And ev’rybody calls it the sugar shack
Well, it’s just a coffeehouse and it’s made out of wood
Espresso coffee tastes mighty good

The shack is made out of wood, is it? You don’t say. Plus there’s espresso! Yum! It would have given you mental whiplash to pull that off the platter and give a spin to Dylan’s bleak, biting masterpiece, and hear him tell you that his travels had taken him out in front of a dozen dead oceans, and ten thousand miles in the mouth of a graveyard. Yikes. Look, it was your choice, kid: you could bop down to the sugar shack and romance your sweetie over an espresso, or you could follow Bob and see where he took you. Admittedly, the latter didn’t sound half as fun:

I’m a-goin’ back out ‘fore the rain starts a-fallin’
I’ll walk to the depths of the deepest black forest
Where the people are many and their hands are all empty
Where the pellets of poison are flooding their waters
Where the home in the valley meets the damp dirty prison
And the executioner’s face is always well hidden
Where hunger is ugly, where souls are forgotten
Where black is the colour, where none is the number

I know, right? Bummer. Yet a growing segment of the Baby Boom cohort was starting to think that maybe there were unpleasant truths that simply had to be confronted, and the sooner the better. There was a whiff of revolution in the air, as if young people were stirring from their intellectual torpor. As Bobby D. told us, the times they were a-changin’.  Popular music was suddenly a medium for serious artistic expression, and as one of the key figures in the sea change, Dylan was giving his fellow musicians a choice: they could either start swimmin’, or sink like a stone.

Song of the Day: The Zombies – Time of the Season (April 9, 2021)

Released in 1968, Time of the Season is distilled essence of the Sixties, the sound of Swinging London, Carnaby Street, and Cool Britannia. It was a time when all things British, from BOAC flight bags to James Bond movies, were the peak of modern hip, and this song, which was everywhere in 1968-69, seemed to wrap it all up in a tight little ball. Amazingly, prior to this the Zombies had only limited success in America, and Time of the Season became a hit well after it was recorded, and over a year after the band had broken up. It’s now seen as a shame that the group never got the commercial encouragement it needed, they showed real promise, and the album Odyssey and Oracle, on which this song appeared, is now held to be a minor classic.

The record is noteworthy for it’s clean, unfussy production, an artifact of having been recorded at Abbey Road Studios, as well as for Rod Argent’s “psychedelic” organ work, which anticipated what Ray Manzarek would soon be doing for the Doors on the other side of the pond.

This was by no means their only standout song. Just as good was She’s Not There (attached at bottom), a wounded cri de coeur about the special girl that got away (or at least she seemed special, the faithless little heartbreaker), which was well ahead of its time upon its release in 1964, and Tell Her No, an anxious plea to the world at large about a wayward girlfriend. Yet it’s Time of the Season that lives on in the popular imagination, maybe because of the way it grabs the listener’s attention in the first ten seconds with its almost fuck-you coolness, maybe because of the timeless appeal of its call-and-response structure (What’s your name? Who’s your daddy?), or maybe just because it’s one of those songs that immediately and perfectly evokes a certain time and place, even for those who weren’t there. It’s been covered numerous times, used in any number of TV shows and movies, and sampled repeatedly, as over the years all sorts of artists have been drawn to its irresistible rhythm track.

For me, it’s almost like a key that unlocks a box full of stored, now ancient sensory perceptions from childhood. I can remember the glow of the dashboard radio (Philco Ford!), looking up at the night sky from my position in the front seat, too low to see out the windshield. I can smell the rain as it hit the clay tennis courts at the boating and athletic club we South End boys all used to belong to, and I can see the jukebox in the boat house. I can feel heat off the summer sidewalks of the street where I grew up, and hear the trains rumble by in the railway cut just south of our place. Curiously – the mind is a strange thing – I flash back to the distinctive shapes of the tail lights of the various cars that filled our neighbour’s driveways, the wide, narrow strips that stretched across the back end of the Mercury Cougar, the indented, triple chevrons on a ’67 Mustang, the rectangles of the Ford Galaxy; as a boy, I was fascinated with cars, and memorized the features of all the makes and models. I remember walking along the shore of the North West Arm, skipping stones, and riding our bikes under the cathedral of trees in Point Pleasant Park. Always, in these memories, it’s Summer.

She’s Not There:

Song of the Day: Alexi Murdoch – All Of My Days (April 11, 2021)

Murdoch is an ex-pat from Scotland, living in LA these days, and has made quite a reputation for himself despite being anything but prolific, with just two albums and a four-song EP forming the entirety of his output since he first rose to prominence in 2002. Even so, you may well have heard some of his work, which has been used in numerous movies and TV shows, appearing in everything from The O.C. to Scrubs to Stargate Universe. His stuff sets a certain tone, beloved by those assembling the soundtracks for sad and thoughtful moments on screen. Don’t let that put you off, though. This isn’t mere musical wallpaper.

When I first heard All Of My Days, I thought it was something by my beloved Nick Drake that I’d somehow missed, and no matter how many times I listen, the feeling that this fellow Murdoch is somehow channelling the spirit of the tragically dead genius is overwhelming. I suppose you could get all sour-pussed about it and accuse Murdoch of copycatting almost to the point of plagiarism, but listen, there are worse things to plagiarize if that’s your opinion, and anyway I don’t think his work can properly be characterized so dismissively. Like a lot of his songs, All Of My Days is almost exactly like something Drake would have written, but copies no particular song – which is, really, a hell of a thing to pull off. For all I know, Murdoch never even listened to Drake (though in that case I’m gob-smacked), and to my ears his songs are by no means pale imitations of a greater writer’s work.

Anyway, let’s not get all fussed about whose style he’s either imitating or eerily replicating without really meaning to, let’s just sit back and enjoy. It’s lovely isn’t it? So very soothing. A song for a warm twilight evening, overlooking the sea.

Here’s another one, if this your cup of tea:

Song of the Day: Bruce Springsteen – Stolen Car (April 13, 2021)

[The song] is concerned with those [relationship] ideas: that if you don’t connect yourself with your family and to the world, you feel like you’re disappearing, fading away. I felt like that for a very, very long time. Growing up, I felt invisible.

This one is from Springsteen’s fifth studio album, the sprawling, two-disc The River, released in 1980. It was his first #1 album, and spawned his first top 10 single, Hungry Heart, a song very much in the tradition of big stadium rousers like Born to Run, Thunder Road, Dancing in the Dark, and so many others he’s gifted us. In a lot of ways it was typical Springsteen as we’d come to know him, no small thing to be sure, but buried inside were a number of album cuts that were greeted with little fanfare at the time, but pointed the way to a more mature, introspective, and thoughtful style of songwriting that would soon characterize his finest work, even if later, more raucous numbers like the badly misunderstood Born in The USA still grabbed all the attention.

The River was released in a time of pronounced economic recession, when a generally unsettled and pessimistic pre-Reagan frame of mind was the zeitgeist, which apparently struck a chord within Springsteen, who’d always had it in him anyway, from the very start (listen to Meeting Across the River off of Born to Run). In the songs of The River, broken hearts, shattered dreams, lost hope, and loneliness were starting to come to the fore, as exemplified by today’s selection, which explored such themes to honestly devastating effect.

Stolen Cars would be one of my nominations for saddest song of the 20th century. Using, as he so often does, autos as a central emotional metaphor, he tells a story of the soul-destroying impact of falling out of love, of two people simply ceasing to feel anything for each other any more within a dead marriage that refuses to die. It kills me. I lose it every time his wife describes how reading his old love letters made her feel a hundred years old. Imagine hearing that. Imagine that lost and lonely feeling of coming unmoored from everything upon which you once built your life, and realizing that you were asleep at the wheel as it happened little by little, nobody’s fault, maybe, it happens, but now it’s over. It’s just so over.

What then?

Song of the Day: Gordon Lightfoot – If You Could Read My Mind (April 15, 2021)

Who doesn’t like this one? Who can be such a stone-hearted grump?

Released in 1970, If You Could Read My Mind was an instant hit on this side of the border, shooting straight to the #1 slot on the Canadian charts in short order, but it wasn’t until 1971 that the Americans noticed it, and pushed it to #5 on the Billboard Hot 100. From then on he was famous, though it wasn’t like he’d previously been unsuccessful, not when he was already dining out on a stream of royalties derived from the many covers of his songs, which everybody from Peter Paul and Mary to Elvis were recording in the late 1960s. While others made hits of his compositions, Gord had been kicking around the clubs and coffeehouses in Yorkville and Greenwich Village, where he was eventually discovered and signed by Albert Grossman, Bob Dylan’s manager. If You Could Read My Mind was included on his first U.S. album release, Sit Down, Young Stranger, which bombed initially, until various DJs in major markets started playing its standout track. The album was hastily renamed after it, and started to sell. He never looked back.

The song has a sad, romantic wistfulness to it that stood in stark contrast to earlier ones like For Lovin’ Me, in retrospect a rather chauvinist love ’em and leave ’em anthem made famous by Ian and Sylvia. Gord wrote it while staying all alone in an empty house, smarting from his first divorce, and full of regrets. Curiously, given its generally rapturous reception, Lightfoot has claimed that he doesn’t really like the recorded version, saying to one interviewer “Do I like the way it sounds? No. The first thought that came through my mind (was), ‘I wish I could’ve had just one more take. I wish I hadn’t had those few alcoholic beverages the night before.’” Most listeners would think that’s crazy talk. The execution is pretty near perfect, his distinctive voice setting just the right mood, his guitar playing immaculate, the tasteful string arrangement adding just the right touch. Plus Lightfoot wraps it up with elegant precision – there’s nothing like a song that ends properly.

Artists. They’re never happy.

I suppose this is rather an obvious selection from a sprawling catalogue full of worthy songs, many of them less commercial and arguably more powerful. Why not Steel Rail Blues, the tale of a loser who’s gambled away his ticket home, or Early Morning Rain, about a drunk who can’t afford a ride on one of those new-fangled jets, or Black Day in July, his account of the devastating Detroit riots of 1967? What about Ribbon of Darkness, or Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald, for crying out loud? Why pick the easy one that’s full of conventional romantic sentiments?

I’m just naturally sappy, I guess.

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